Google Chrome

Google Chrome
Google Chrome for Android Icon 2016.svg
Google Chrome on Windows 10 screenshot.png
Google Chrome running on Windows 10
Developer(s)Google
Stable release(s) [±]
Windows, macOS, Linux93.0.4577.82[1] Edit this on Wikidata / 13 September 2021 (13 September 2021)
Android93.0.4577.82[2] Edit this on Wikidata / 13 September 2021 (13 September 2021)
iOS93.0.4577.78[3] Edit this on Wikidata / 13 September 2021 (13 September 2021)
Preview release(s) [±]
Windows, macOS, Linux94.0.4606.50[4] Edit this on Wikidata / 15 September 2021 (15 September 2021)
Written inC, C++, Assembly, HTML, Java (Android app only), JavaScript, Python[5][6][7]
EnginesBlink (WebKit on iOS), V8 JavaScript engine
Operating system
PlatformIA-32, x86-64, ARMv7, ARMv8-A
Included with
Available in47 languages[10]
TypeWeb browser, mobile browser
LicenseProprietary freeware, based on open source components.[11][note 1]
Websitewww.google.com/chrome/

Google Chrome is a cross-platform web browser developed by Google. It was first released in 2008 for Microsoft Windows, built with free software components from Apple WebKit and Mozilla Firefox.[12] It was later ported to Linux, macOS, iOS, and Android, where it is the default browser.[13] The browser is also the main component of Chrome OS, where it serves as the platform for web applications.

Most of Chrome's source code comes from Google's free and open-source software project Chromium, but Chrome is licensed as proprietary freeware.[11] WebKit was the original rendering engine, but Google eventually forked it to create the Blink engine;[14] all Chrome variants except iOS now use Blink.[15]

As of July 2021, StatCounter estimates that Chrome has a 65% worldwide browser market share (after peaking at 72.38% in November 2018) on personal computers (PC),[16] is most used on tablets (having surpassed Safari), and is also dominant on smartphones,[17][18] and at 63.59% across all platforms combined.[19] Because of this success, Google has expanded the "Chrome" brand name to other products: Chrome OS, Chromecast, Chromebook, Chromebit, Chromebox, and Chromebase.

  1. ^ "Stable Channel Update for Desktop". September 13, 2021. Retrieved September 13, 2021.
  2. ^ "Chrome for Android Update". September 13, 2021. Retrieved September 13, 2021.
  3. ^ "Chrome for iOS Update". September 13, 2021. Retrieved September 13, 2021.
  4. ^ "Beta Channel Update for Desktop". September 15, 2021. Retrieved September 16, 2021.
  5. ^ "Chromium (Google Chrome)". Ohloh.net. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
  6. ^ "Chromium coding style". Google Open Source. Retrieved March 29, 2017.
  7. ^ Lextrait, Vincent (January 2010). "The Programming Languages Beacon, v10.0". Archived from the original on May 30, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2010.
  8. ^ Nyquist, Tommy (January 14, 2020). "PSA: Android KitKat will soon be deprecated in the Chromium code base". Google Groups. Retrieved June 6, 2020.
  9. ^ "Chrome for iOS".
  10. ^ "Supported languages". Google Play Console Help. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
  11. ^ a b "Google Chrome and Chrome OS Additional Terms of Service". www.google.com.
  12. ^ Ashford, Warwick (September 2, 2008). "Google launches beta version of Chrome web browser". Archived from the original on April 11, 2021.
  13. ^ "Google Chrome for Android". developer.chrome.com. Retrieved June 20, 2020.
  14. ^ Bright, Peter (April 3, 2013). "Google going its own way, forking WebKit rendering engine". Ars Technica. Conde Nast. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
  15. ^ "Open-sourcing Chrome on iOS!". 2017. Retrieved April 26, 2021.
  16. ^ "Desktop Browser Market Share Worldwide". StatCounter Global Stats. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  17. ^ "Tablet Browser Market Share Worldwide". StatCounter Global Stats. Retrieved July 10, 2021.
  18. ^ "Tablet Browser Market Share Worldwide". StatCounter Global Stats. Retrieved March 15, 2021.
  19. ^ "Browser Market Share Worldwide (Jan 2009 - February 2021)". Retrieved March 15, 2021.


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