Sri Lankan Moors

Sri Lankan Moors
ලංකා යෝනක
இலங்கைச் சோனகர்
Lanka moors.jpg
20th century Sri Lankan Moors
Total population
1,869,820[1]
(9.2% of the Sri Lankan population; 2012)[2]
Regions with significant populations
Province
 Eastern569,182
 Western450,505
 North Western260,380
 Central252,694
Languages
Languages of Sri Lanka: Tamil
Some Sinhala and English
Religion
Islam (mostly Sunni)
Related ethnic groups

Sri Lankan Moors (Tamil: இலங்கைச் சோனகர், romanized: Ilaṅkaic Cōṉakar; Sinhala: ලංකා යෝනක, romanized: Lanka Yonaka; formerly Ceylon Moors; colloquially referred to as Muslims) are an ethnic minority group in Sri Lanka, comprising 9.2% of the country's total population.[1] They are native speakers of the Arabic-influenced[clarification needed] Tamil,[3][4][5] who also speak Sinhalese as a second language.[6] They are predominantly followers of Islam.[7] The Sri Lankan Muslim community is divided as Sri Lankan Moors, Indian Moors and Sri Lankan Malays as per their history and traditions.[8]

The Sri Lankan Moors are of diverse origins with some tracing their ancestry to Arab traders who first settled in Sri Lanka around the 9th century, and who intermarried with local women.[who?][9][10][11][12] The concentration of Moors is the highest in the Ampara, Trincomalee and Batticaloa districts.

  1. ^ a b "A2 : Population by ethnic group according to districts, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.
  2. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.
  3. ^ Minahan, James B. (2012-08-30). Ethnic Groups of South Asia and the Pacific: An Encyclopedia: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-59884-660-7.
  4. ^ Das, Sonia N. (2016-10-05). Linguistic Rivalries: Tamil Migrants and Anglo-Franco Conflicts. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-046179-9.
  5. ^ Richardson, John Martin (2005). Paradise Poisoned: Learning about Conflict, Terrorism, and Development from Sri Lanka's Civil Wars. International Center for Ethnic Studies. ISBN 9789555800945.
  6. ^ Census of Population and Housing, Sri Lanka. 2012. p. 142.
  7. ^ McGilvray, DB (November 1998). "Arabs, Moors and Muslims: Sri Lankan Muslim ethnicity in regional perspective". Contributions to Indian Sociology. 32 (2): 433–483. doi:10.1177/006996679803200213. S2CID 144917663.
  8. ^ Nubin, Walter (2002). Sri Lanka: Current Issues and Historical Background. Nova Publishers. p. 147. ISBN 9781590335734.
  9. ^ De Silva 2014, p. 47.
  10. ^ Papiha, S.S.; Mastana, S.S.; Jaysekara, R. (October 1996). "Genetic Variation in Sri Lanka". Human Biology. 68 (5): 707–737 [709]. JSTOR 41465515. PMID 8908798.
  11. ^ de Munck, Victor (2005). "Islamic Orthodoxy and Sufism in Sri Lanka". Anthropos. 100 (2): 401–414 [403]. doi:10.5771/0257-9774-2005-2-401. JSTOR 40466546.
  12. ^ Mahroof, M. M. M. (1995). "Spoken Tamil Dialects Of The Muslims Of Sri Lanka: Language As Identity-Classifier". Islamic Studies. 34 (4): 407–426 [408]. JSTOR 20836916.

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